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The First Room -Temperature Ambient -Pressure Superconductor

For the first time in the world, we succeeded in synthesizing the room-temperature superconductor (Tc ≥ 400 K, 127 oC) working at ambient pressure with a modified lead-apatite (LK-99) structure. The superconductivity of LK-99 is proved with the Critical temperature (Tc), Zero-resistivity, Critical current (Ic), Critical magnetic field (Hc), and the Meissner effect. The superconductivity of LK-99 originates from minute structural distortion by a slight volume shrinkage (0.48%), not by external factors such as temperature and pressure. The unique structure of LK-99 that allows the minute distorted structure to be maintained in the interfaces is the most important factor that LK-99 maintains and exhibits superconductivity at room temperatures and ambient pressure. Several data were collected and analyzed in detail to figure out the puzzle of superconductivity of LK-99: X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (EPR), Heat Capacity, and Superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) data. Henceforth in this paper, we will report and discuss our new findings including superconducting quantum wells associated with the superconductivity of LK-99.